Oral Surgery

Oral Surgery

The oldest and most widespread oral surgical intervention is the tooth extraction.
Other examples are the treatment of impacted teeth, cysts, abscesses, implants etc

Dental Implants

Dental implants are permanently placed in the jaw bone to replace missing teeth.
They can be used to restore one or more teeth or to support dentures.
They require minor surgical intervention and are completed within a few months.

The Installation Process

First, the bone is disclosed from the jaw area that the tooth is missing. Then a hole is created in the bone where the implant will be placed. Then, the gums are sewn up over it for the period of healing. This procedure is performed under local anesthesia.

One the healing process is completed, the artificial tooth will be cemented on to the abutments over the dental implant. The implants are made primarily of titanium, a material which was proven to bond with the surrounding bone. This biological process is called osseointegration and lasts several months.

The quantity and quality of the bone that will accept the implant is a determining factor in whether the implant will be the placed or not. The implant requires proper oral hygiene. Smoking is a limiting factor for the success of a dental implant.

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Implants are used to replace:

  • Missing teeth
  • Broken teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Damaged teeth
  • Denture stabilisation

Results & benefits:

  • The grinding of adjacent teeth is not required
  • Further loss of the bone is prevented
  • Completely natural results
  • Boost of self-confidence
  • With proper care they last for a lifetime

After the therapy

The implants require good oral hygiene and frequent visits to the dentist. To keep the implant clean and calculus-free you should brush and floss your teeth daily. . Scheduled visits to the dentist for cleaning and inspecting the dental implants as well as the remaining teeth will help you keep the implant forever.

Restoration of hard and soft tissue

With the help of anaplastic techniques the lack of back bone does not preclude an implant placement, as the bone can now be restored. These techniques can be achieved using both autologous bone (from the patient himself) and synthetic materials. We can obtain the transplant from the same area where the implant will be placed via a special surgical techniques that assist the concentration of the bone. Less frequently, when there is a need for a larger amount of bone, we can obtain it

from other areas within the mouth cavity. Modern reconstructive techniques enhance our effort to attribute to the jawbone its initial, healthy shape and size. With guided bone regeneration we can reconstruct the lost bone, while with connective tissue graft or other reconstructive techniques we can regenerate the gums. With the right techniques, the thickness or volume of the soft tissue can be increased, while the type of tissue in a place can be changed.

Postoperative instructions for dental implants

You have just completed the first stage of your treatment. Complying with the following directives will
significantly help in recovering faster and reducing the danger of potential complications.
Following the postoperative instructions will enhance the early and long-term success of the treatment.

Bleeding

Bleeding is normal after surgery. In case bleeding is excessive the patient can wrap a small sterile gauze and place it on the bleeding area, biting the gauze for half an hour.

Medication

It is normal to be in pain after a surgery. The pain is treated with painkillers as prescribed. Painkillers should be taken only when you are in pain. Antibiotics should be taken only on prescription.

Swelling

It is possible for the area that has undergone surgery to swell. This is absolutely normal and could take up to 4 days (the swelling could worsen by the 2nd day and calm down by the 4th). To reduce the swelling ,as much as possible, you should place on the area an ice pack wrapped in a towel for 15 minutes and repeat this procedure 4 – 5 times on the day of the surgery. It is also possible to appear bruises on the skin.

Fever

A slight increase in body temperature is normal and not alarming.

Surgical sutures

If stitches are placed on the wound, it is possible to feel some tension after a few days. However, this will disappear after their removal, 7 days following the surgery. Breaking one or more sutures is not alarming.

Mouth rinse

On the day of the surgery, you should not rinse your mouth, brush your teeth or spit.

Oral hygiene

On the next day of the surgery you should rinse your mouth with the prescribed mouthwash, while you can brush your teeth paying particular attention to the area of the surgery. Proper dental hygiene is one of the most important factors for the success of an implant.

Diet/ Nutrition

During the first 24 hours food must be soft and cold. Over the next two days food can be a little bit harder. From the 7th day onwards you can return to your normal eating habits. On the day of the surgery you should avoid anything hot.

Post surgery instructions of tooth export

Complying with the following directives will significantly help in recovering faster
and reduce the danger of potential complications.

Bleeding

Bleeding is normal after surgery. In case bleeding is excessive the patient can wrap a small sterile gauze and place it on the bleeding area, biting the gauze for half an hour.

Pain

It is normal to be in pain after a surgery. The pain is treated with painkillers as prescribed.

Swelling

It is possible for the area that has undergone surgery to swell. This is absolutely normal and could take up to 4 days (the swelling could worsen by the 2nd day and calm down by the 4th). To reduce the swelling ,as much as possible, you should place on the area an ice pack wrapped in a towel for 15 minutes and repeat this procedure 4 – 5 times the day of the surgery. It is also possible to appear bruises on the skin.

Fever

A slight increase in body temperature is normal and not alarming.

Difficulties in mouth opening

This occurs often especially when removing your wisdom teeth .In this case, you should make an effort to slowly open your mouth.

Surgical sutures

If stitches are placed on the wound, it is possible to feel some tension after a few days. However, this will disappear after their removal, 7 days following the surgery. Breaking one or more sutures is not alarming.

Oral hygiene

On the day after the surgery you should rinse your mouth with the prescribed mouthwash, while you can brush your teeth paying particular attention to the area of the surgery.

Mouth rinse

On the day of the surgery, you should not rinse your mouth, brush your teeth or spit.

Diet/ Nutrition

During the first 24 hours food must be soft and cold. Over the next two days food can be a little bit harder. On the day of the surgery you should avoid anything hot.

Medication

If prescribed they should be taken according to your Dentist.

NOTE: In case of prolonged bleeding, of side effects from medications, of severe pain or
if swelling does not subside after the fourth day you should immediately inform the dentist.