General Dentistry

Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a disease deriving from the development of gingivitis . It causes infection and inflammation of the gum tissue
and bones supporting the teeth. This infection is caused when gum inflammations are not treated effectively or not treated at all.
The infection and inflammation is spread from the gums to the tissue surrounding the tooth (periodontium) and to the bones supporting it.
The lack of support leads to the looseness of teeth and to a certain amount of tooth immobility which will inevitably result in teeth export.

Periodontitis is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. This disease is uncommon in childhood but increases during adolescence. The degree of risk is not the same for everybody as there are many factors responsible for its creation. The immune system (inheritance) plays a big role. Other factors include poor oral hygiene, smoking, diabetes and/or abuse of substances.

Plaque and calculus accumulate on the teeth. The infection creates a pocket between the teeth and the gums which is filled with plaque and calculus. The soft tissues swell and entrap the calculus in the pocket. The ongoing infection eventually causes destruction of the tissues and of the bone surrounding the tooth. As the calculus contains bacteria, the area will get contaminated and will most probably develop an abscess increasing the degree of destruction of the bone and tissue.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a bacterial infection of the gums, which causes the gums to bleed and to become red,
inflamed and swollen. The reason behind this condition is the poor daily brushing of the teeth and gingival. When you reach adulthood,
the hormonal changes observed increase the gingival sensitivity. Growing older, habits such as smoking, bad diet,
health problems, bad habits, stress and aging increase the risks of gingivitis.

General checkups, cleaning and polishing should be done by your dentist every 6 months to keep your gums healthy and without any sign of gingivitis. If your gums are bleeding, even when this occurs rarely, you should visit your dentist to check for signs of gingivitis or periodontitis.

Laser Treatment

This treatment can be quick, painless and with remarkable results, as we can now avoid the usual methods that terrify the patients.
Laser will kill all bacteria, will compress and remove the pathological tissue within the dental follicle
and subsequently help the human body to produce new tissue in a bacteria-free environment.

As a result the teeth will be stabilized, the dental follicles will be compressed and the gums will be kept healthy. In advanced stages of periodontitis, the use of laser can be combined with all of the conventional treatment methods, offering thus higher success percentages.